Important Information and Legal Disclaimers
Research Reports are neither a solicitation for the purchase of securities nor an offer of securities. Our reports, recommendations, ratings and views are intended only for clients of Haywood Securities Inc., and those of its wholly-owned subsidiary, Haywood Securities (USA) Inc.
Our clients are cautioned to consult their respective Haywood Investment Advisors prior to purchasing or selling any security recommended or acting on any views contained herein to ensure that the recommendation or view is suitable for their investment objectives and risk tolerance.
Estimates and projections contained herein, whether or not our own, are based on assumptions that we believe to be reasonable. The information presented, while obtained from sources we believe reliable, is checked but not guaranteed against errors or omissions. Changes in the rates of exchange between currencies may cause the value of your investment to fluctuate. Past performance should not be seen as an indication of future performance. The investments to which this report relates can fluctuate in value and accordingly you are not certain to make a profit on any investment: you could make a loss.
Haywood Securities, or certain of its affiliated companies, may from time to time receive a portion of commissions or other fees derived from the trading or financings in the covered security. Haywood analysts are salaried employees who may receive a performance bonus that may be derived, in part, from corporate finance income.
Haywood Securities Inc., and Haywood Securities (USA) Inc. do have officers in common however, none of those common officers affect or control the ratings given to a specific issuer, or which issuer will be the subject of research coverage. In addition, the firm does maintain and enforce written policies and procedures reasonably designed to prevent influence on the activities of affiliated analysts.
Research Dissemination Policy
Research reports are disseminated through electronic medium. Clients may access historic reports on our website, or receive publications directly via internet email. Haywood strives to ensure all clients receive research in a timely manner and at the same time. It is against our policy for analysts to discuss or circulate their recommendations internally prior to public distribution. This policy applies equally to recommendation changes, target changes and/or forecast revisions.
Any Haywood employee with knowledge of the intended distribution of a research report that includes a new recommendation or a change in recommendation or target price, is restricted from trading securities of the issuer until such time as our clients have been provided the opportunity to receive, digest and potentially act on the information (generally one trading day). This temporary "pro" restriction does not prevent an Investment Advisor from offering recommendations to clients.
For Canadian residents: Haywood Securities Inc. is a Canadian registered broker-dealer and a member of the Investment Industry Regulatory Organization of Canada, the Toronto Stock Exchange, the Toronto Venture Exchange and the Canadian Investor Protection Fund and accepts responsibility for the dissemination of this report. Any Canadian client that wishes further information on any securities discussed in this report should contact an Investment Advisor of Haywood Securities Inc.
For U.S. residents: This investment research is distributed in the United States, as third party research by Haywood Securities (USA) Inc. Haywood Securities (USA) Inc. is a wholly-owned subsidiary of Haywood Securities Inc., registered with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission, and a member of FINRA and the Securities Investor Protection Corporation (SIPC). Haywood Securities (USA) Inc. as a U.S. registered broker-dealer accepts responsibility for this Research Report and its dissemination in the United States. Any U.S. client that wishes further information on any securities discussed in this report or to effect a transaction in these securities should contact a Registered Representative of Haywood Securities (USA) Inc. Haywood Securities Inc. Research Analysts are considered Foreign Research Analysts as relates Haywood USA and are not registered/qualified as Research Analysts with FINRA. As these analysts are considered Foreign Research Analysts they may not be specifically subject to FINRA Rule 2241 restrictions on communications with a Subject Company, Public Appearances or trading securities held by a Research Analyst Account.
Investment Ratings - Recommendations
Each company within an analyst’s universe, or group of companies covered, is assigned: (i) a recommendation or rating, usually BUY, HOLD, or SELL; (ii) a 12-month target price, which represents an analyst’s current assessment of a company’s potential stock price over the next year; and (iii) an overall risk rating which represents an analyst’s assessment of the company’s overall investment risk. These ratings are more fully explained below. Before acting on a recommendation we caution you to confer with your Haywood investment advisor to determine the suitability of our recommendation for your specific investment objectives, risk tolerance and investment time horizon.
Haywood's recommendation categories include the following:
The analyst believes that the security will outperform other companies in their sector on a risk adjusted basis or for the reasons stated in the research report the analyst believes that the security is deserving of a (continued) BUY rating.
The analyst believes that the security is expected to perform in line with other companies in their sector on a risk adjusted basis or for the reasons stated in the research report the analyst believes that the security is deserving of a (continued) HOLD rating.
Investors are advised to sell the security or hold alternative securities within the sector. Stocks in this category are expected to under-perform other companies on a risk adjusted basis or for the reasons stated in the research report the analyst believes that the security is deserving of a (continued) SELL rating.
The analyst is recommending that investors tender to a specific offering for the company's stock.
An analyst comment about an issuer event that does not include a rating.
Haywood Securities will no longer cover the issuer. Haywood will provide notice to clients whenever coverage of an issuer is discontinued. Following termination of coverage we recommend clients seek advice from their respective Investment Advisor.
Placing a stock Under Review does not revise the current rating or recommendation of the analyst. A stock will be placed Under Review when the relevant company has a significant material event with further information pending or to be announced. An analyst will place a stock Under Review while he/she awaits sufficient information to re-evaluate the company's financial situation.
The above ratings are determined by the analyst at the time of publication. On occasion, total returns may fall outside of the ranges due to market price movements and/or short term volatility.
Overall Risk Rating
Very High Risk: Venture type companies or more established micro, small, mid or large cap companies whose risk profile parameters and/or lack of liquidity warrant such a designation. These companies are only appropriate for investors who have a very high tolerance for risk and volatility and who are capable of incurring temporary or permanent loss of a very significant portion of their investment capital.
High Risk: Typically micro or small cap companies which have an above average investment risk relative to more established or mid to large cap companies. These companies will generally not form part of the broad senior stock market indices and often will have less liquidity than more established mid and large cap companies. These companies are only appropriate for investors who have a high tolerance for risk and volatility and who are capable of incurring a temporary or permanent loss of a significant portion of their investment capital.
Medium-High Risk: Typically mid to large cap companies that have a medium to high investment risk. These companies will often form part of the broader senior stock market indices or sector specific indices. These companies are only appropriate for investors who have a medium to high tolerance for risk and volatility and who are prepared to accept general stock market risk including the risk of a temporary or permanent loss of some of their investment capital
Moderate Risk: Large to very large cap companies with established earnings who have a track record of lower volatility when compared against the broad senior stock market indices. These companies are only appropriate for investors who have a medium tolerance for risk and volatility and who are prepared to accept general stock market risk including the risk of a temporary or permanent loss of some of their investment capital.
The following table represents the percentage of recommendations in each rating for companies that are currently under coverage by Haywood's research department and the percentage of companies according to rating under Haywood's coverage that have been provided Investment Banking Services over the past 12 months.
This statistical representation of our ratings distribution will be updated on a weekly basis. The statistics presently displayed represent our coverage as of May 30, 2023.